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SOWNY » Why Would CBC Radio 1 Do This In London? » March 4, 2021 11:58 am

Skywave
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They probably need a long outage to do some major antenna or transmission line repairs in the daylight.  At least they are avoiding drive-time hours. You don't want to be doing hoisting work in darkness.

SOWNY » CKNT Audio Sucks and is Distorted » February 23, 2021 4:01 pm

Skywave
Replies: 35

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Dale Patterson wrote:

markow202 wrote:

Speaking of sound - what station particularly on FM in Toronto would have the best fidelity of sound?  

Id have to say CHUM and CHFI would have the most clearest.  Afterall,  the HI stands for "high fidelity" in their call letters.

CKFM used to have a wonderful sound back in the day of Carl Banas and Russ Thompson. The great programming of the time didn't hurt. 

Soeaking from personal experience, having been there where CKFM launched with new Collins transmitters from Commerce Court West, the approach was very simple. At that time, there was no such thing as multi-band processors. We used the CBS FM Volumax. It was a single band processor.  We set the input level to cause the meter to deviate about 20-25% into the green under normal conditions.  The output level was then adjusted for 100% peak modulation as indicated by the peak flasher on the modulation monitor.
Now, everybody is obsessed with multi-band processing in the extreme. It's possible to have seven frequency bands each processed separately.  The problem when you do that is you introduce harmonic distortion, in some cases extreme amounts depending on the content. Classical music processed with a seven babd "rock" setting becomes absolute trash. For classical music, Omnia has a classical/jazz preset which has three-band processing, and it works very well.
Program directors need to have a clear appreciation of the organist's maxim that "less is more". The name of the game isn't to sound the loudest, to have the level meters pegged to a range of 2 dB, it's to have good clean dynamics.. Apart from the serious distortion introduced by extensive limiting and clipping, the human ear rebels against an overly-constrained dynamic range. The result is listener fatigue, and that leads to tune-out.  PD's should be locked in a room for eight straight hours and have to listen to the garbage they think

SOWNY » Call Letters Question » February 23, 2021 1:44 pm

Skywave
Replies: 39

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I neglected to mention that the FCC is very strict about proper station identification. If you're listening to an NFL game on a US radio station like WGR, there is a Westwood One sports network identification followed by a pause for the local station to identify.

SOWNY » Call Letters Question » February 23, 2021 11:45 am

Skywave
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ISED's Broadcast Procedures and Rules Part 1 states:"7.2 Identification of broadcasting undertakingsPursuant to section 18 of the Radiocommunication Regulations, a broadcasting station for which a call sign has been issued must identify itself in accordance with the provisions of BETS-11."

BETS-11 in turn states:
2. Technical Requirements 2.1 Using the call sign issued to the broadcasting station, the holder of a Broadcasting Certificate shall, during any time that the broadcasting station for which that certificate was issued transmits a radio signal, identify the broadcasting station at least once every hour on the hour or within 10 minutes thereof, or at the beginning and end of a program where the program lasts longer than one hour, by a voice announcement in English or in French that: (a) articulates each letter and states any accompanying designator of the call sign of the station; and (b) names the principal city or community that is served by the station. 2.2 In the case of a television broadcasting station, the voice announcement may be replaced by a visual announcement of not less than three seconds in duration that identifies the call sign assigned to that station and the principal city or community that is served by that station. 2.3 The holder of a Broadcasting Certificate for a broadcasting station or network that originates programming shall identify at least once every day, in the manner set out in 2.1 or 2.2, as the case may be, a station that is licensed to rebroadcast the programming. 2.4 Paragraph 2.3 does not apply in respect of a rebroadcasting station where the Broadcasting Certificate issued in respect of that rebroadcasting station specifies that the rebroadcasting station: (a) has been assigned a radio frequency without protection from interference caused by a broadcasting undertaking; (b) sh

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